Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington. D.C. No. CV-91-1307-JCC, BAP No. A-90-8675. John C. Coughenour, District Judge, Presiding
Before: Beezer, Hall, and Wiggins, Circuit Judges.
Martin Madson appeals the district court's denial of his motion to set aside the court's order determining that Madson's wife had a priority claim to homestead funds from the trustee's liquidation of certain real property. Madson contends that the district court erred by dismissing his appeal for lack of diligent prosecution because the district court never considered alternative sanctions. We have jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 158(d), and we affirm.*fn1
We review a "district court's dismissal for non-compliance with non-jurisdictional bankruptcy rules for an abuse of discretion." Fitzsimmons v. Nolden (In re Fitzsimmons), 920 F.2d 1468, 1471 (9th Cir. 1990); Henderson v. Duncan, 779 F.2d 1421, 1423 (9th Cir. 1986) (dismissal for failure to prosecute also reviewed for abuse of discretion). Because of this sanction's severity, we have held that a district court abuses its discretion if it dismisses an action without first considering the adequacy of less drastic sanctions. See In re Fitzsimmons, 920 F.2d at 1473-74; United States v. National Medical Enter., 792 F.2d 906, 912 (9th Cir. 1986); Myers v. Shekter (In re Hill), 775 F.2d 1385, 1387 (9th Cir. 1985). However, we have held that "actual use of alternative sanctions prior to dismissal constitutes explicit consideration of alternative sanctions even if the order dismissing does not mention these prior acts." In re Fitzsimmons, 920 F.2d at 1474 n.5; Greco v. Stubenberg, 859 F.2d 1401, 1404 (9th Cir. 1988).
Madson filed a Notice of Appeal to the Bankruptcy Appellate Panel on July 9, 1991. This appeal was subsequently transferred to the district court. On August 14, 1991, the trustee filed a Motion to Dismiss for failure to file the required designation of record under Bankruptcy Rule 8006. On August 21, 1991 Madson filed a "Designation;" however, this document was incomplete. The district court scheduled a hearing for October 11, 1991. On the day of the hearing, Madson filed a response to the Motion to Dismiss in which he represented that a brief would be filed in ten days.*fn2
On October 25, 1991, the district court dismissed the appeal for three stated reasons: failure to diligently pursue the case; failure to act in accordance with representations made in Objections to Motion to Dismiss filed October 11, 1991; and failure to file a timely response to the pending motion to dismiss. On November 7, 1991, Madson filed a motion to set aside the dismissal. The district court denied this motion on January 10, 1992 stating that in addition to the reasons set forth in the previous order, the case was now moot.
Bankruptcy Rule 8006 requires the designation of the record within ten days of the filing of the Notice of Appeal. The trustee's motion to dismiss was based on the failure to adhere to this requirement. The district court did not immediately dismiss the action. The court scheduled a hearing and accepted an incomplete designation-type document. On the day of the hearing, Madson represented that his brief would be filed within ten days. The court again held off on any sanctions. Only when Madson failed to act in accordance with his representations did the district court dismiss the appeal.
As the record reveals no abuse of discretion, the decision of the district court is