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Diego Manuel Urbina-Alvarez v. U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service

filed*fn*: February 4, 1993.

DIEGO MANUEL URBINA-ALVAREZ, PETITIONER,
v.
U.S. IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE, RESPONDENT.



Petition to Review a Decision of the Immigration and Naturalization Service. INS No. A27-206-545

Before: Choy, Schroeder and Brunetti, Circuit Judges.

MEMORANDUM

Petitioner Diego Manuel Urbina-Alvarez seeks review of the Board of Immigration Appeals' ("BIA") dismissal of his application for asylum. The BIA took administrative notice of the change of government in Nicaragua and concluded that petitioner therefore had no well-founded fear of persecution from the Sandinistas. We recently held that the BIA may not take administrative notice on this issue without giving petitioner adequate warning and an opportunity to be heard. Castillo-Villagra v. I.N.S., 972 F.2d 1017 (9th Cir. 1992). We must reach the same result here.

We also reverse and remand the BIA's denial of petitioner's claim of past persecution. The BIA's decision in this regard runs afoul of this circuit's prohibition of "boilerplate opinions." Castillo v. I.N.S., 951 F.2d 1117 (9th Cir. 1991). In Castillo we held that the BIA's opinion "must state with sufficient particularity and clarity the reasons for denial of asylum." Id. at 1121. A review of the record in this case (and others that accompany it) demonstrates that the BIA failed to abide by Castillo's mandate.

REVERSED AND REMANDED.

Disposition

REVERSED AND ...


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