Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of Nevada. D.C. No. CV-92-00109-PMP. Philip M. Pro, District Judge, Presiding
Before: Browning, Kozinski, and Rymer, Circuit Judges.
Walter Shemerdiak appeals pro se the district court's summary judgment in favor of defendant United Food and Commercial Workers International Union-Industry Pension Fund (National Fund) in his action under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA). Shemerdiak contends that the district court erred by finding that he was not entitled to disability or pension benefits through the Union's pension plan. He also contends that the district court erred by failing to require the National Fund to provide him with certain documentary information he claims he is entitled to under ERISA. We have jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1291, and we affirm.
We review de novo the district court's summary judgment. Alaska Airlines, Inc. v. United Airlines, Inc., 948 F.2d 536, 539 (9th Cir. 1991), cert. denied, 112 S. Ct. 1603 (1992). Summary judgment is appropriate if the moving party presents evidence that shows that no genuine issue of material fact exists and that it is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. See Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 250 (1986). Once the moving party has met this initial burden, the nonmoving party has the subsequent burden of presenting significant probative evidence tending to support its claim that material, triable issues of fact remain. Id.
A denial of benefits challenged under 29 U.S.C. § 1132(a)(1)(B) is reviewed under an arbitrary and capricious standard of review, where the benefit plan gives the administrator or fiduciary discretionary authority to determine eligibility for benefits or to construe the terms of the plan. Madden v. ITT Long Term Disability Plan for Salaried Employees, 914 F.2d 1279, 1283 (9th Cir. 1990) (citing Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. v. Bruch, 489 U.S. 101, 115 (1989)), cert. denied, 111 S. Ct. 964 (1991). An administrator's interpretation will be found to be arbitrary and capricious only if it clearly conflicts with the plain language of the plan. See Johnson v. Trustees of Western Conference of Teamsters Pension Trust Fund, 879 F.2d 651, 654 (9th Cir. 1989).
Shemerdiak contends that the district court erred by finding that he was not entitled to pension benefits under the National Fund's pension plan. The district court found that he did not have enough pension credits to qualify for the benefits.
The National Fund is a jointly trusteed, multiemployer pension plan as defined in 29 U.S.C. §§ 1102(2) and (37). The National Fund's trustees review a participant's eligibility for benefits under the plan rules in effect when the participant leaves employment covered by the National Fund ("Covered Employment").*fn1
The National Fund's plan document in effect when Shemerdiak left "Covered Employment" in 1967 required that participants earn at least ten years of pension credit in order to be entitled to any National Fund benefits. Under the plan document, a participant could earn two types of pension credit. His total pension credit was calculated by adding "Past Service Pension Credit" and "Future Service Pension Credit."
In order to earn "Past Service Pension Credit," a participant must have been employed in "Covered Employment" during nine of the twelve months immediately preceding the contribution date of his employer. "Future Service Pension Credit" is earned by working in "Covered Employment" and is calculated from the employee's contribution date.
The National Fund's records indicate that Shemerdiak's employers for the twelve months preceding his contribution date did not contribute to the National Fund. Shemerdiak's contribution date is March 1966, the time he began employment with an employer who contributed to the National Fund on his behalf. Between March 1966 and August 1967 Shemerdiak was employed in "Covered Employment" and earned one year and five months of "Future Service Pension Credit." Shemerdiak has not been employed by employers who participated in the National Fund since August 1967.
When Shemerdiak applied for a normal pension benefit and a disability pension benefit from the National Fund on January 21, 1991, the National Fund's records indicated that he had a total of one year and five months of pension credit. Because Shemerdiak did not earn the requisite ten years of pension credit, the National Fund's trustees denied his benefit application. The Fund's trustees also found that Shemerdiak was not eligible for a disability pension because he was not in "Covered Employment" when he became disabled as required by plan rules. The trustees' decision was based on a reasonable interpretation of the applicable plan's terms, and therefore was not arbitrary and capricious. See Johnson, 879 F.2d at 654.
Furthermore, Shemerdiak has not offered any evidence to dispute the National Fund's records or the affidavits of National Fund officials. Instead Shemerdiak offers erroneous calculations of his pension credit.*fn2 Therefore, the district court did not err by granting summary judgment in favor of the defendants. See Anderson, 477 U.S. at 250.
Shemerdiak next contends that the district court erred by failing to compel the National Fund to produce certain documents regarding his coverage. Specifically, he claims that the National Fund should be fined under ERISA § 502(c)(1) for its failure to provide him with a copy of the "Instrument of Merger of Meatcutters Pension Fund."*fn3
ERISA § 104(b)(4) provides that the administrator of an employee benefit plan "shall, upon written request of any participant or beneficiary, furnish a copy of the latest updated summary plan description, plan description, and the latest annual report, any terminal report, the bargaining agreement, trust agreement, contract, or other ...