On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals. INS No. A24-738-544
Before: Schroeder, Canby, and Wiggins, Circuit Judges
Porfirio Galvan-Cardenas, a native and citizen of Mexico, petitions for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals' (BIA) decision vacating the Immigration Judge's (IJ) order granting Galvan-Cardenas voluntary departure. Galvan-Cardenas contends that the BIA erred by finding him statutorily ineligible for voluntary departure under section 244(e)(1), 8 U.S.C. § 1254(e)(1), based on its finding that he was deportable under section 241(a)(14), 8 U.S.C. § 1251(a)(14), for possessing an automatic or semi-automatic weapon. We have jurisdiction pursuant to 8 U.S.C. § 1105a(a), and we deny the petition.
On April 13, 1988, the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) issued an order to show cause why Galvan-Cardenas should not be deported under section 241(a)(1), 8 U.S.C. § 1251(a)(1).*fn1 Galvan-Cardenas admitted deportability at a hearing on July 25, 1988 and requested voluntary departure. Subsequently, the INS charged that Galvan-Cardenas also was deportable under section 241(a)(14) as an alien convicted of possessing an automatic weapon and, therefore, statutorily ineligible for voluntary departure under section 244(e)(1). On November 27, 1990, the IJ found Galvan-Cardenas deportable under section 241(a)(1). The IJ found, however, that the INS failed to show deportability under section 241(a)(14) and granted Galvan-Cardenas's application for voluntary departure. The INS appealed this determination.*fn2 The BIA found Galvan-Cardenas deportable under section 241(a)(14) and vacated the IJ's decision granting voluntary departure.
Galvan-Cardenas contends the BIA erred by finding him deportable under section 241(a)(14) because the evidence is insufficient to sustain a finding that Galvan-Cardenas's California conviction involved a weapon that falls within the purview of section 241(a)(14). This contention lacks merit.
In a deportation proceeding, the INS has the burden of proving deportability by clear, unequivocal and convincing evidence. Woodby v. INS, 385 U.S. 276, 286, 17 L. Ed. 2d 362, 87 S. Ct. 483 (1966). On petition for review, this court must determine whether there is reasonable, substantial and probative evidence in the record as a whole to support the BIA's Conclusion that the INS successfully carried its burden in proving deportability. See Gameros-Hernandez v. INS, 883 F.2d 839, 841 (9th Cir. 1989). Under the substantial evidence standard, "the BIA's Conclusion, based on the evidence presented, [must] be substantially reasonable." De Valle v. INS, 901 F.2d 787, 790 (9th Cir. 1990) (quotations omitted).
The version of section 241(a)(14) applicable here provides that an alien is deportable who:
at any time after entry, shall have been convicted of possessing or carrying in violation of any law any weapon which shoots or is designed to shoot automatically or semi-automatically more than one shot without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger, or a weapon commonly called a sawed off shotgun.*fn3
The record of conviction has generally been held to consist of the charge, the indictment, the plea, the verdict and the sentence. Hirsch v. INS, 308 F.2d 562, 564 (9th Cir. 1962); In re Mena, 17 I. & N. Dec. 38, 39 (1979).
Here, the record of conviction submitted by the INS includes certified copies of: (1) the misdemeanor complaint charging, in relevant part, a violation of California Penal Code, section 12025(a), carrying concealed within a vehicle, an unlicensed "pistol, revolver and firearm, to wit, 9mm Colt automatic pistol;" and (2) the municipal court docket sheet reflecting, in relevant part, Galvan-Cardenas's plea of guilty as charged. The IJ concluded that there was insufficient evidence that Galvan-Cardenas had been convicted of possessing an automatic or semiautomatic weapon. The BIA disagreed, finding that the record of conviction states on its face that the weapon was an "automatic."
There is substantial evidence in the record to support the BIA's finding of deportability under section 241(a)(14) because the record of conviction states that Galvan-Cardenas plead guilty to possession of a "9mm Colt automatic pistol."*fn4 Thus, the BIA properly found Galvan-Cardenas statutorily ineligible for voluntary departure under section 244(e)(1) as an alien deportable under section 241(a)(14).