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In re Postsentence Review of Bercier

Court of Appeals of Washington, Division 3

November 26, 2013

In re Postsentence Review of Gabriel Lee Bercier

Appeal from Walla Walla Superior Court. Docket No: 12-1-00127-5. Date filed: 07/23/2012. Judge signing: Honorable John W Lohrmann.

Robert W. Ferguson, Attorney General, and Ronda Larson, Assistant, for petitioner.

James L. Nagle, Prosecuting Attorney, and Gabriel E. Acosta, Deputy, for respondent State of Washington.

Janet G. Gemberling (of Janet Gemberling PS ), for respondent Bercier.

Authored by Stephen M. Brown. Concurring: Teresa C. Kulik, Kevin M. Korsmo.

OPINION

Brown, J.

[178 Wn.App. 149] ¶ 1 The Department of Corrections petitions under RCW 9.94A.585(7) for review of

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an amended order revoking Gabriel Lee Bercier's residential treatment-based DOSA [1] sentence and imposing a standard range prison sentence without credit for community custody time served. Because RCW 9.94A.660(7)(d)'s plain language provides credit for " any time previously served under this section," including community custody served in the form of a residential treatment-based DOSA sentence, we grant the department's postsentence review petition.

FACTS

¶ 2 In June 2012, Mr. Bercier pleaded guilty to methamphetamine possession. The sentencing court imposed 24 months' community custody in the form of a residential treatment-based DOSA sentence. In January 2013, after he failed to comply with residential treatment, the sentencing court issued an order revoking his DOSA sentence and imposing a standard range prison sentence under RCW 9.94A.660(7)(c). The order included a notation prohibiting Mr. Bercier from receiving credit for community custody [178 Wn.App. 150] time served. Without success, the department contacted the court and parties seeking an amended order striking this notation. In April 2013, the sentencing court issued an amended order retaining the notation while adding a postrevocation community custody term.

¶ 3 The department petitioned this court for postsentence review under RCW 9.94A.585(7). This court requested supplemental briefing on the applicability of In re Postsentence Review of Combs, 176 Wn.App. 112, 308 P.3d 763 (2013). After considering the supplemental briefing we decide the department's petition on statutory interpretation grounds.

ANALYSIS

¶ 4 The issue is whether the sentencing court erred by prohibiting Mr. Bercier from receiving credit for community custody time served. The department contends the sentencing court erred by disregarding RCW 9.94A.660(7)(d)'s plain language providing credit for " any time previously served under this section," including community custody served in the form of a residential treatment-based DOSA sentence.[2] Mr. Bercier agrees. The State disagrees, construing subsection (7)(d) as providing credit solely for jail or prison time served.

¶ 5 Upon the department's postsentence review petition, we review the sentencing court's decision solely for legal error. RCW 9.94A.585(7); RAP 16.18(a). Statutory interpretation is a legal issue we examine de novo. Multicare Med. Ctr. v. Dep't of Soc. & Health Servs., 114 Wn.2d 572, 582 n.15, 790 P.2d 124 (1990). When interpreting a statute, we must " discern and implement" our legislature's intent. State v. J.P., 149 Wn.2d 444, 450, 69 P.3d 318 [178 Wn.App. 151] (2003); see State ex rel. Great N. Ry. v. R.R. Comm'n of Wash., 52 Wash. 33, 36, 100 P. 184 (1909). If the statute's meaning is plain, we must effectuate it as an expression of our legislature's intent. Dep't of Ecology v. Campbell & Gwinn, LLC, 146 Wn.2d 1, 9, 43 P.3d 4 (2002); Walker v. City of Spokane, 62 Wash. 312, 318, 113 P. 775 (1911).

¶ 6 If an offender qualifies, the sentencing court may impose community custody in the form of a residential treatment-based DOSA sentence. See RCW 9.94A.660, .664. If an offender violates DOSA conditions or requirements, the sentencing court " may order the offender to serve a term of total confinement within the standard range of the offender's current offense at any time during the period of community custody." RCW 9.94A.660(7)(c). Where the sentencing court chooses to impose a standard range prison sentence under subsection (7)(c), the offender " shall receive credit for any time previously

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served under this section." RCW 9.94A.660(7)(d). We agree with the department that RCW 9.94A.660(7)(d)'s plain language provides credit for community custody served in the form of a residential treatment-based DOSA sentence. The sentencing court erred by prohibiting Mr. Bercier from receiving credit for community custody time served.

¶ 7 Additionally, Mr. Bercier argues the sentencing court lacked statutory authority to revoke his DOSA sentence and impose a postrevocation community custody term. The department did not raise this issue in its petition. An offender may not raise a new issue in response to a postsentence review petition; instead, the offender must raise the new issue in a collateral attack, if at all. In re Postsentence Review of Wandell, 175 Wn.App. 447, 452-53, 311 P.3d 28 (2013). Therefore, we do not reach Mr. Bercier's additional argument.

¶ 8 Finally, the department moves to supplement the record with exhibits documenting how it would assign Mr. Bercier credit for DOSA sentence time served. Even without the exhibits, the record is sufficiently complete for us to [178 Wn.App. 152] decide the department's petition on its merits. See RAP 9.10, 16.18(d). Therefore, we deny the department's motion.

¶ 9 Motion to supplement record denied. Postsentence review petition granted.

¶ 10 Remanded with instructions to provide Mr. Bercier credit for community custody served in the form of a residential treatment-based DOSA sentence.

Korsmo, C.J., and Kulik, J., concur.


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