United States District Court, W.D. Washington
April 30, 2014
COINLAB INC, Plaintiff,
MT GOX KK, et al., Defendants
For Coinlab Inc, a Delaware Corporation, Plaintiff: Edgar Guy Sargent, Floyd G Short, Lindsey N Godfrey-Eccles, LEAD ATTORNEYS, Kristin Malone, SUSMAN GODFREY (WA), SEATTLE, WA; Roger M Townsend, LEAD ATTORNEY, BRESKIN JOHNSON & TOWNSEND PLLC, SEATTLE, WA.
For Mt Gox KK, a Japanese corporation, Defendant, Counter Claimant: Daniel G Valles, Tod L Gamlen, LEAD ATTORNEYS, PRO HAC VICE, BAKER & MCKENZIE LLP, PALO ALTO, CA; Joseph B. Genster, Louis David Peterson, HILLIS CLARK MARTIN & PETERSON, SEATTLE, WA.
Tibanne KK, a Japanese corporation, Defendant, Pro se, Shibuya-Ku, Tokyo, Japan.
For Coinlab Inc, a Delaware Corporation, Counter Defendant; Edgar Guy Sargent, Floyd G Short, Lindsey N Godfrey-Eccles, LEAD ATTORNEYS, SUSMAN GODFREY (WA), SEATTLE, WA; Roger M Townsend, LEAD ATTORNEY, BRESKIN JOHNSON & TOWNSEND PLLC, SEATTLE, WA.
ORDER STAYING THE ACTION
Marsha J. Pechman, Chief United States District Judge.
THIS MATTER comes before the Court on Defendant Mt. Gox KK's (" Mt. Gox" ) Motion to Stay Entire Action. (Dkt. No. 41.) Plaintiff CoinLab, Inc. (" CoinLab" ) opposes the motion, arguing the action against Defendant Tibanne KK (" Tibanne" ) should proceed. The Court considered the motion, the response (Dkt. No. 49), the reply (Dkt. No. 54), and all related documents. The Court GRANTS Mt. Gox's motion in order to provide fairness to all Parties and promote efficiency.
This case involves a license agreement between CoinLab and Defendants, Mt. Gox and Tibanne, relating to Bitcoin, a digital currency. CoinLab is " engaged in the operation and development of Bitcoin and other software and technology products, services and platforms." (Dkt. No. 42-2 at 2.) Mt. Gox is " a Bitcoin exchange and financial services business." (Id.) Tibanne is Mt. Gox's parent. (Dkt. No. 48-3 at 8.) CoinLab sued Mt. Gox and Tibanne in May 2013, claiming breach of contract, breach of implied duty of good faith and fair dealing, accounting, and restitution. (Dkt. Nos. 1, 29.) Mt. Gox and Tibanne jointly filed an answer denying violating the Agreement and allege the Agreement is unenforceable. (Dkt. Nos. 18, 31.)
The present motion concerns Mt. Gox's recent filing for bankruptcy protection. In February 2014, it filed for Chapter 15 bankruptcy protection in Tokyo District Court in Japan. (Dkt. No. 42-8.) It then filed for recognition in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Northern District of Texas. (Dkt. No. 37.) In March 2014, the U.S. bankruptcy court found it had jurisdiction over the matter, and an automatic stay took effect pursuant to section 362 of the Bankruptcy Code. (Dkt. No. 42-10 at 3; Dkt. No. 37.) Mt. Gox moves the Court to stay the entire action pending resolution of its bankruptcy petition. (Dkt. No. 41.) Defendant Tibanne joins in the motion. (Dkt. No. 43.)
A. Legal Standard
Under 11 U.S.C. § 362(a), an automatic stay " immediately applies when a debtor files a bankruptcy petition." Boucher v. Shaw, 572 F.3d 1087, 1092 (9th Cir. 2009). The automatic stay ensures " claims against the debtor will be brought in" bankruptcy court and " protects the debtor by giving it room to breathe and, thereby, hopefully to reorganize."
Although an automatic stay generally applies only to the debtor, the district court has " the inherent power to control its own docket and calendar." Mediterranean Enters. v. Ssangyong Corp., 708 F.2d 1458, 1465 (9th Cir. 1983). The district court may stay an action " pending resolution of independent proceedings which bear upon the case" if it finds " it is efficient for its own docket and the fairest course for the parties." Leyva v. Certified Grocers of Cal., Ltd., 593 F.2d 857, 863 (9th Cir. 1979). Courts weigh the competing interests that would be affected by granting or refusing a stay. See, e.g., Lockyer v. Mirant Corp., 398 F.3d 1098, 1110 (9th Cir. 2005). Those competing interests are " the possible damage which may result from the granting of a stay, the hardship or inequity which a party may suffer in being required to go forward, and the orderly course of justice." Id. (internal citations omitted).
B. Staying Entire Action is Fairest Course for Parties and Efficient for the Docket
The Court GRANTS the motion for several reasons. First, allowing the action
to proceed against Tibanne while the case against Mt. Gox is stayed may result in inconsistent obligations for Defendants. See Lockyer, 398 F.3d at 1110. CoinLab claims Mt. Gox and Tibanne breached the same provisions in the Agreement and asks for identical relief from both Mt. Gox and Tibanne, suggesting separate actions would only be duplicative. (Dkt. No. 29.) In fact, CoinLab does not allege Mt. Gox or Tibanne separately breached any provision of the Agreement. (Id.) Second, refusing to stay the action in its entirety will unnecessarily burden the docket as the Court will have to preside over two separate actions -- the first against Tibanne and the second against Mt. Gox when the automatic stay is lifted -- as opposed to one. Keeping the actions together will simplify the issues, proof, and questions of law before the Court. See Lockyer, 398 F.3d at 1110. Third, CoinLab has not alleged it will suffer harm if the Court stays the entire action. (Dkt. No. 48.); see Lockyer, 398 F.3d at 1110.
This Court GRANTS Defendants' motion to stay, finding fairness and judicial economy require a stay. The Parties are required to provide notice to the Court of the status of Mt. Gox's bankruptcy proceeding every 120 days from the date of this Order.
Having stayed the action, the Court terminates consideration of CoinLab's motion to compel without ruling on the merits. (Dkt. No. 38.) Once the stay is lifted, CoinLab may renew the motion.
The clerk is ordered to provide copies of this order to all counsel.