United States District Court, W.D. Washington, Seattle
October 21, 2014
SATURNINO FLORES, Petitioner,
C. INGRAM, Respondent.
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATON
BRIAN A. TSUCHIDA, Magistrate Judge.
In this 28 U.S.C. § 2241 habeas action, Saturnino Flores requests the Court order the dismissal of untried state charges pending against him in Oregon. Dkt. 1. Because it plainly appears from the petition that Mr. Flores is not entitled to relief, the Court recommends the petition be DENIED and the matter be DISMISSED without prejudice.
Mr. Flores is a federal prisoner who is currently confined in the Federal Detention Center at Seatac, Washington ("FDC Seatac"). Dkt. 1. While incarcerated, Mr. Flores was informed by prison officials of certain detainers lodged against him, originating in Oregon. Id. at 2. Mr. Flores contends that, pursuant to the Interstate Agreement on Detainers Act, 18 U.S.C. App. II ("IADA"), he "submitted a letter of demand for resolution of outstanding charges... The letter was submitted to both the Clerk of the Court in Pendleton, Oregon and to the Umatilla County District Attorney on July 30, 2014. The letter gave notice of his place of incarceration, and was certified by prison administrator A.R. Ashford." Id. Having received no response to these letters, Mr. Flores contends that on August 28, 2014, he sent additional requests for a speedy trial to the District Attorney in Umatilla County, Pendleton, Oregon; and the Circuit Court in Umatilla County in Pendleton, Oregon. See Exhibit 1 to Dkt. 1.
Mr. Flores argues the outstanding detainer causes prejudice because he is prohibited from being sent to a halfway house that he is otherwise eligible for, and because he is "prevented from transitioning from prison back to the community in a manner that will assure him the greatest potential opportunity for success." Dkt. 1 at 3.
The Court has jurisdiction over Mr. Flores's § 2241 petition because he is confined in this District at FDC Seatac. See Rumsfeld v. Padilla, 542 U.S. 426, 443 (2004).
A. Mr. Flores's Petition is Premature Under the IADA
The IADA is an interstate compact that is "designed to encourage the expeditious and orderly disposition of charges filed in one jurisdiction against persons already incarcerated in another jurisdiction." United States v. Collins, 90 F.3d 1420, 1425 n.1 (9th Cir. 1996) ( citing 18 U.S.C. App. II, art. I.). Under the IADA, a prisoner serving a term of imprisonment in one jurisdiction is entitled to demand a trial within 180 days on charges pending in a different jurisdiction. 18 U.S.C. App. II, art. III(a). Article V(c) of the IADA provides for dismissal with prejudice if trial does not commence within the 180-day period. The United States and the State of Oregon are parties to the IADA. 18 U.S.C. App. II, art. II(a) ("State" includes "the United States of America"); ORS § 135.775.
As the Court understands the argument, Mr. Flores contends that because the pending Oregon charges stem from an unrelated arrest that occurred prior to his federal incarceration, and because he has since served fifteen months of a federal sentence, and because he has notified the proper authorities of his demand for speedy trial in the Oregon action, his rights under the IADA have been violated. Dkt. 1. Mr. Flores misunderstands the IADA.
In Fex v. Michigan, 507 U.S. 43 (1993), the Supreme Court held that the 180-day period does not start until the speedy trial request is actually delivered to the court and the prosecutor. Even assuming Mr. Flores's requests were proper and properly delivered - issues the Court does not address today - Mr. Flores's assertion that there has been a violation of the IADA is premature. By his own admission, Mr. Flores's requests were sent in July 2014. Thus, his claim underlying his habeas petition would not be ripe until late January 2015 at the earliest.
B. Mr. Flores's Petition Suffers Additional Defects
Even if the required 180 day period had already passed, Mr. Flores's petition would likely be defective for other reasons. As a prudential matter, federal courts require that habeas petitioners exhaust all available judicial and administrative remedies before seeking relief under § 2241. Braden v. 30th Judicial Circuit Court of Kentucky, 410 U.S. 484 (1973); see also Castro-Cortez v. INS, 239 F.3d 1037, 1047 (9th Cir. 2001), abrogated on other grounds by Fernandez-Vargas v. Gonzales, 548 U.S. 30 (2006); cf. Mokone v. Fenton, 710 F.2d 998, 1002 (3d Cir. 1983) ("a habeas petitioner seeking... to bar prosecution of a charge upon which an out-of-state detainer is based, must exhaust the remedies of the state where the charge is pending."). As Mr. Flores's allegations center on the viability of the untried charges pending against him in the state of Oregon, relief must first be pursued in Oregon before the matter is presented here. Yet Mr. Flores provides nothing to suggest, and the Court has no reason to believe, he has presented his IADA violation claim to the Oregon courts beyond sending his notices of request for final disposition. Without exhaustion of his state court remedies, the Court would decline to consider Mr. Flores's claim concerning the state charges underlying his detainer.
As Mr. Flores's petition is, at a minimum, premature, the Court recommends DENYING the habeas petition and DISMISSING this matter without prejudice. A proposed order accompanies this Report and Recommendation.
Any objections to this Recommendation must be filed no later than November 11, 2014. The Clerk shall note the matter as ready on November 14, 2014, for the Court's consideration. Objections shall not exceed ten pages. The failure to timely object may affect the right to appeal.