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Johnson v. Allstate Property & Casualty Insurance Co.

United States District Court, Western District of Washington, Tacoma

December 29, 2014

DEBORAH JOHNSON, a single person; SHELBY JOHNSON-ROWELL, a single person; and FALLON PETTIJOHN and BENJAMIN PETTIJOHN, a marital community, Plaintiffs,


Karen L. Strombom, United States Magistrate Judge.

Plaintiffs’ seek an order to compel the Defendant to conduct a computer search of email for thirty-four employees that Allstate has identified as having discoverable information related to this litigation. Dkt. 85. Allstate opposes the motion.

In its Initial Disclosures, Allstate identified thirty-eight employees who “may have discoverable information regarding the policy(ies) of insurance issued to Plaintiff Deborah Johnson, as well as coverage and adjustment issues, including, but not limited to, claims investigation, claims decisions, and claims analysis.” Dkt. 80, p. 11 – 12. A search of email for four of the listed employees who were the main adjusters on this case – Ryan Jensen, Alisha Jensen, Nasaria Cardoza and Ann Lewis – has been conducted. Allstate has refused to do a search for the remaining thirty-four employees on the grounds that to do so would be an undue burden.


With regard to the remaining thirty-four employees, Allstate has not provided a description of what information each of these employees has with regard to the Plaintiffs’ claims even though this was specifically requested in Plaintiffs Interrogatory No. 5. Dkt. 86-1, p. 15. Rather than provide the requested description of each person’s knowledge, the Defendant referred to its Initial Disclosures - which merely provided a list of names. The Court has received no explanation as to why the Defendant did not provide the information requested nor have the Plaintiffs’ filed a motion to compel a more specific answer. It became clear, however during Ann Lewis’ deposition that one of the individuals included in the list of thirty-eight, Rand Smith, had an active role in reviewing and approving Allstate’s coverage denial. Specifically, permission was requested by Ann Lewis of Rand Smith to approve denial of the Plaintiffs’ claims. Dkt. 72, CLAIM 4125.

The parties agreed to have the to the four primary adjusters (contents, ALE, structure and SIU) conduct their own email sweep to determine which emails should be produced that related to this litigation – which was done. However, additional documents were produced by Allstate on October 28, 2014, the day before the scheduled deposition of Ann Lewis, Allstate’s internal fraud investigator. According to Ms. Huebner’s Declaration, these new documents were produced because Allstate had just performed a thorough search of the email files of Ann Lewis, Ali Jensen, Ryan Jensen and Nasaria Cardoza. Dkt. 85, pp. 4 – 5. In addition to providing newly discovered documents, the Defendant provided a privilege log which identified numerous emails as being withheld.

Subsequent to the deposition of Ms. Lewis, Allstate provided Plaintiffs with a number of the documents it initially identified as privileged – to include emails exchanged between Ann Lewis and Rory Leid, dated between July 11 and 15, 2013. While this late production of clearly relevant emails raises some question regarding the thoroughness of the search performed by the four adjusters and by Allstate – the issue before this Court is whether it should compel searches of thirty-four additional Allstate employees.

Allstate asserts that this request is a “fishing expedition” intended to detract from the real issues in this case (Dkt. 101, p. 2) and that the requested emails are “not reasonably accessible because of undue burden or cost.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 26(b)(2)(B).

It is hard to conclude that the requested search is a “fishing expedition” when these individuals have been identified by Allstate as people who have discoverable information. This is particularly true with regard to Rand Smith inasmuch as it appears he had a role in the decision to deny coverage.


Allstate asserts that the search of computers for thirty-four of its employees would be an undue burden. Fed.R.Civ.P. 26(b)(2)(B) provides as follows:

(B) Specific Limitations on Electronically Stored Information. A party need not provide discovery of electronically stored information from sources that the party identifies as not reasonably accessible because of undue burden or cost. On motion to compel discovery or for a protective order, the party from whom discovery is sought must show that the information is not reasonably accessible because of undue burden or cost. If that showing is made, the court may nonetheless order discovery from such sources if the requesting party shows good cause, considering the limitations of Rule 26(b)(2)(C). The Court may specify conditions for the discovery.


Allstate relies on the Declaration of Christine DeMilio (Dkt. 103) in support of its position that the search being requested by the Plaintiffs would create an undue burden. Ms. DeMilio is involved with requesting collections of electronic data from computers of Allstate’s employees. Ms. DeMilio’s declaration is of limited value in this case as her testimony is very general and fails to include specific information regarding this case. Based on Ms. DeMilio’s declaration, it appears that a search could take up to 96 hours per computer. That also leaves the inference that it could take less time as it depends on the circumstances. In addition, according to Allstate, it voluntarily conducted a search of each of the four primary adjusters’ computers and that the search was conducted by following the steps identified by Ms. DeMilio. Dkt. 101, p. 4. Allstate does not, however, provide any specific information as to how long it took to actually conduct the search of the computers of the four primary adjusters. Rather, Allstate ...

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