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Hendricks v. Pierce County

United States District Court, Western District of Washington, Tacoma

February 26, 2015

ANDREW HENDRICKS, et al., Plaintiffs,
PIERCE COUNTY, et al., Defendants.



THIS MATTER is before the Court on Defendant Washington Fusion Center’s Motion for Summary Judgment [Dkt. #39].

Plaintiffs Hendricks and Prescott are journalists and members of an activist anti-war group, the Port Militarization Resistance (PMR). They claim they were unlawfully harassed, threatened, and seized by Pierce County Sherriff’s Deputies who stopped them from filming and taking photographs in the courthouse, in what they claim was a coordinated attempt to deter Plaintiffs’ First Amendment activities. They assert various constitutional and state law claims against the deputies and their superiors, and a Monell claim against Pierce County. Those claims were the subject of a prior motion for summary judgment [Dkt. #15; see Order at Dkt. #30]. A subset of the claims survived the Motion. The Court’s prior Order contains a more detailed recitation of the facts and factual allegations.

Plaintiffs’ claims against the Washington Fusion Center were not the subject of the prior Motion. Plaintiffs Complaint broadly asserts claims against “the Defendants.” It alleges that the Fusion Center is

a state entity organized under the auspices of the Washington State Patrol and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, and including and funded by the above and a consortium of local, state, Federal and Military Agencies working together to spy on activists and monitor, gather “intelligence” on, catalog, attack, disrupt, and prevent First Amendment activity in addition to its ostensible job to detect and prevent acts of terrorism, which for the most part it, and the network of fusion centers across the county have not engaged in, and when they have, have been extraordinarily ineffective at.

[Dkt. #1 at 5]. Plaintiffs assert a Monell claim against the Fusion Center as the result of plaintiffs’ alleged arrest and harassment at the Pierce County courthouse-acts they claim and admit were undertaken by Pierce County Deputies Villahermosa and Boyle. The claim appears to be based on the claim that Villahermosa and Boyle (and defendants Lt. Adamson, and Sherriff Pastor) were employed or at least “directed by” by the Fusion Center.

The Fusion Center seeks summary judgment on all of the plaintiffs’ claims[1] against it. It argues that there is no evidence of the factual underpinnings of Plaintiffs’ complaint against it, and that those allegations are in fact false:

[N]one of the individuals named in the Complaint are affiliated with the Fusion Center. The Fusion Center is not comprised of Regional Intelligence Groups (RIG) and as such there is no such thing as “Regional Intelligence Group 5 of the Washington Fusion Center”. Accordingly, Chris Adamson is not “Director of the Regional Intelligence Group 5 of the Washington Fusion Center” because there is no such thing.
Accordingly, named defendants Pierce County Sheriff’s Deputies Boyle and Jesus Villahermosa Jr., Pierce County Sheriff’s Department Lieutenant Chris Adamson and Pierce County Sheriff Paul Pastor are not, nor were in August 2010 part of the Fusion Center or otherwise part of the Fusion Center’s command structure.
such, the Fusion Center had nothing to do with the events set forth in the Complaint in regards to the alleged incidents at the Pierce County Courthouse, in August 2010.

[Dkt. #39 at 3.] It argues that it is not a “person” for §1983 purposes, and that it is not a “municipality” for Monell purposes.

In Response, Plaintiffs argue that Adamson’s relationship to the Fusion Center is a “disputed fact, ” and claims that there is insufficient evidence supporting the Fusion Center’s claim that it was wholly divorced from the brief Pierce County courthouse incident at the center of this case:

The only evidence that the Fusion Center was not investigating and giving direction to local law enforcement concerning Plaintiff in 2010 comes from Lt. Trowbridge who, by his own sworn statement was not assigned to the Fusion Center until 2014, and only gives a vague second hand statement that he talked to some other officers who worked for the fusion center in 2010, and presumably based on that vague hearsay says they did not.

[Dkt. # 44 at 7] (emphasis in original).

This argument misstates the plaintiffs’ burden in the face of a summary judgment motion.

Summary judgment is proper “if the pleadings, the discovery and disclosure materials on file, and any affidavits show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(c). In determining whether an issue of fact exists, the Court must view all evidence in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party and draw all reasonable inferences in that party’s favor. Anderson Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 248-50 (1986); Bagdadi v. Nazar, 84 F.3d 1194, 1197 (9th Cir. 1996). A genuine issue of material fact exists where there is sufficient evidence for a reasonable factfinder to find for the nonmoving party. Anderson, 477 U.S. at 248. The inquiry is “whether the evidence presents a sufficient disagreement to require submission to a jury or whether it is so one-sided that one party must prevail as a matter of law.” Id. At 251-52. The moving party bears the initial burden of showing that there is no evidence which supports an element essential to the nonmovant’s claim. Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322 (1986). Once the movant has met this burden, the nonmoving party then must show that there is a genuine issue for trial. Anderson, 477 U.S. at 250. If the nonmoving party fails to establish the existence of a genuine issue of material fact, “the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.” Celotex, 477 U.S. at 323-24.

There is no requirement that the moving party negate elements of the non-movant’s case. Lujan v. National Wildlife Federation, 497 U.S. 871(1990). Once the moving party has met its burden, the non-moving party must then produce concrete evidence, without merely relying on allegations in the pleadings, that there remain genuine factual issues. Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 248 (1986).

Plaintiffs have not established that the Fusion center is a municipality, (see Hervey v. Estes, 65 F.3d 784 (9th Cir. 1995)) or that it is a “person, ” for §1983 purposes. Plaintiffs’ naked claim that the Fusion Center’s function or status is “disputed” does not make it so. And there is no evidence whatsoever that it or anyone acting on its behalf played any role in the two incidents that led to this lawsuit.

Plaintiffs’ request for a continuance of the Motion under Rule 56(d) is DENIED, because they have not and cannot establish that additional discovery will lead to anything that will preclude summary judgment.

The Fusion Center’s Motion for Summary Judgment [Dkt. #39] is GRANTED and all of Plaintiffs’ claims against it are DISMISSED with prejudice.


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