United States District Court, W.D. Washington, Seattle
June 8, 2015
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff,
JOSE L. RODRIQUEZ, Defendant.
ORDER DENYING MOTION FOR REDUCTION OF SENTENCE
RICHARD A. JONES, District Judge.
This matter comes before the court on Defendant Jose L. Rodriquez's pro se motion requesting a reduction in his sentence under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2), based on Amendments 782 and 788 to the United States Sentencing Guidelines ("USSG") (Dkt. #21). Plaintiff United States of America opposes the motion (Dkt. #24). The court has thoroughly considered the parties' briefing, the relevant record, and the applicable law. Being fully advised,  the court DENIES Mr. Rodriquez's motion for the reasons stated below.
Defendant Jose L. Rodriquez was sentenced by this court on December 18, 2009, following his plea of guilty to possession of cocaine with intent to distribute and possession of heroin with intent to distribute.
At that time the court calculated Defendant's Total Offense Level as 31, because he qualified as a career offender. Pursuant to his career offender status, Defendant's Criminal History Category was set at VI. At Total Offense Level 31 and Criminal History Category VI, Defendant's resulting Guidelines range was 188 to 235 months. This was the range adopted by the Court. The Court then varied downward significantly from that range on the basis of various 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) factors and imposed a sentence of 108 months' imprisonment.
A. Legal Standard
Amendment 782 to the United States Sentencing Guidelines, which became effective November 1, 2014, lowered the penalties for most drug offenses by reducing most base offense levels contained in the USSG § 2D1.1 Drug Quantity Table by two levels, and making other related adjustments to this Guideline. Along with Amendment 782, the Sentencing Commission adopted Amendment 788, which decreed that Amendment 782 may be applied retroactively to lower the sentences of previously sentenced inmates. At issue in the instant motion is whether this Court has authority to reduce Defendant's sentence pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2).
In order to qualify for a sentence reduction under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2), two conditions must be met: (1) the Defendant must have been sentenced to a term of imprisonment based on a sentencing range that has been lowered by a retroactively applicable Guidelines amendment; and (2) the sentence reduction sought must be consistent with the Sentencing Commission's applicable policy statements. United States v. Waters, 771 F.3d 679, 680 (9th Cir. 2014) (per curiam). A district court does not have jurisdiction to reduce the Defendant's sentence unless both criteria are met. See United States v. Wesson, 583 F.3d 728, 730 (9th Cir. 2009).
B. Defendant's Motion
Following the recent amendments to the Sentencing Guidelines, Defendant's sentencing range has not changed. This is because it was not based on a provision in § 2D1.1 which has been amended. The career offender provisions of § 4B1.1 are unaffected by the recent amendments, and Defendant's offense level and resulting sentencing range remain exactly as they were at the time of sentencing. Section 1B1.10 directs: "The court shall substitute only the amendments listed in subsection (d) for the corresponding guideline provisions that were applied when the defendant was sentenced and shall leave all other guideline application decisions unaffected." USSG § 1B1.10 (b)(1). Accordingly, Defendant does not meet the first requirement for eligibility for a reduction.
In addition, Defendant's sentence is already well below the applicable sentencing range, calculated using the amended Guidelines. Even if he were eligible for some relief, the Court is not authorized to reduce his sentence below the low end of the range. For this reason also Defendant is not eligible for a retroactive reduction based on Amendments 782 and 788.
For the above reasons, Defendant Jose L. Rodriquez's pro se Motion to Reduce Sentence (Dkt. #21) is DENIED.