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Longshore v. Sinclair

United States District Court, W.D. Washington, Tacoma

October 20, 2017




         Plaintiffs Charles S. Longshore and Keith L. Closson, proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis, filed this civil rights Complaint under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. There are currently ten motions pending before the Court in this case. See Dkt. 4-6, 13, 18, 29, 34, 37, 38, 49.[1] The Court has reviewed the relevant record and directs Plaintiffs to show cause why this case should not be severed because Plaintiffs are no longer housed at the same correctional facility. Regarding Platiniffs' Motions, the Court: (1) denies Plaintiffs' Motion for Counsel (Dkt. 5), Motion for Telephonic Conference (Dkt. 13), and Motion to Proceed (Dkt. 18); (2) grants Plaintiffs' Motion to Strike (Dkt. 37); (3) denies as moot Platiniffs' Motion for Recusal (Dkt. 38); and (4) re-notes Plaintiffs' Motions for injunctive relief (Dkt. 4, 34), Motion for class certification and class counsel (Dkt. 6); Motion to Appoint Experts (Dkt. 49), and Motion for Privileged Correspondence (Dkt. 29) for November 24, 2017.

         I. Order to Show Cause

         Generally, plaintiffs may join in one action if they assert any right to relief arising out of the same occurrence or series of occurrences and if any question of law or fact in common to all plaintiffs will arise in the action. Fed.R.Civ.P. 20. However, Rule 21 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure authorizes the Court, on just terms, to sever claims. See Desert Empire Bank v. Ins. Co. of N. Am., 623 F.2d 1371, 1375 (9th Cir.1980) (even if the specific requirements of Rule 20 may be satisfied, a trial court must examine other relevant factors to determine if joinder of a party will comport with principles of fundamental fairness).

         Even if Plaintiffs in this action are properly joined, the Court has found that management of pro se multi-plaintiff inmate litigation presents significant burdens to the parties and the Court. In this case, Plaintiffs are inmates who are proceeding pro se, and, although each Plaintiff may appear on his own behalf, one Plaintiff may not appear as an attorney for the other. Johns v. County of San Diego, 114 F.3d 874, 877 (9th Cir. 1997); see also Russell v. United States, 308 F.2d 78, 79 (9th Cir. 1962) (holding that “a litigant appearing in propria persona has no authority to represent anyone other than himself”). As such, during the prosecution of this action, each Plaintiff would be required to sign and submit his own motions and notices related to his claims in the action, and all Plaintiffs would be required to individually sign any motion or notice filed on behalf of all Plaintiffs.

         Here, when the case was initiated, both Plaintiffs were housed at Stafford Creek Corrections Center; however, on October 5, 2017, Plaintiff Longshore filed a Notice of Change of Address, stating he had been transferred to Washington Corrections Center. See Dkt. 48. Because Plaintiffs are now housed at different facilities and because of security concerns related to inmate correspondence and face-to-face communications, it is unlikely Plaintiffs will be able to file any motions or notices on behalf of all Plaintiffs. Further, Plaintiffs would have, at best, very limited opportunities to discuss case strategy, share discovery, or even provide each other copies of the motions and notices they file with the Court. See Osterloth v. Hopwood, 2006 WL 3337505, at *4 (D. Mont. Nov. 15, 2006). Continued administration of this lawsuit by Plaintiffs has become virtually impossible due to their housing placements and regulations regarding inmate-to-inmate correspondence.

         With these concerns in mind, the Court finds the adjudication of Plaintiffs' claims in the same action would result in unfairness to Plaintiffs and Defendant, while also impacting the Court's goals of achieving judicial economy and maintaining efficient control of the Court's docket. Allowing each Plaintiff to proceed separately would overcome the unfairness created by these circumstances. Therefore, the parties are directed to show cause why this action should not be severed.

         Plaintiffs and Defendant shall file briefing with the Court on or before November 20, 2017, showing cause why the case should not be severed. The Court notes some signatures appear inconsistent throughout the filings in this case. A pro se plaintiff shall not sign a document on behalf of another plaintiff.

         II. Motions

         A. Motion for Court Appointed Counsel (Dkt. 5)

         On August 1, 2017, Plaintiffs filed a “Motion and Declaration to Appoint Counsel” (“Motion for Counsel”). Dkt. 5. No constitutional right to appointed counsel exists in a § 1983 action. Storseth v. Spellman, 654 F.2d 1349, 1353 (9th Cir. 1981); see United States v. $292, 888.04 in U.S. Currency, 54 F.3d 564, 569 (9th Cir. 1995) (“[a]ppointment of counsel under this section is discretionary, not mandatory”). However, in “exceptional circumstances, ” a district court may appoint counsel for indigent civil litigants pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1) (formerly 28 U.S.C. § 1915(d)). Rand v. Roland, 113F.3d 1520, 1525 (9th Cir. 1997), overruled on other grounds, 154 F.3d 952 (9th Cir. 1998). To decide whether exceptional circumstances exist, the Court must evaluate both “the likelihood of success on the merits [and] the ability of the [plaintiff] to articulate his claims pro se in light of the complexity of the legal issues involved.” Wilborn v. Escalderon, 789 F.2d 1328, 1331 (9th Cir. 1986) (quoting Weygandt v. Look, 718 F.2d 952, 954 (9th Cir. 1983)). A plaintiff must plead facts showing he has an insufficient grasp of his case or the legal issues involved and an inadequate ability to articulate the factual basis of his claims. Agyeman v. Corrections Corp. of America, 390 F.3d 1101, 1103 (9th Cir. 2004).

         In the Motion for Counsel and documents filed in support of the Motion for Counsel, Plaintiffs state they are likely to succeed on the merits of this case and are unable to articulate their claims because they are proceeding pro se. Dkt. 5. At this time, Plaintiffs have not shown, nor does the Court find, this case involves complex facts or law. Plaintiffs have also not shown an inability to articulate the factual basis of their claims in a fashion understandable to the Court, nor have they shown they are likely to succeed on the merits of this case. The Court notes Plaintiffs have adequately articulated their claims in the First Amended Complaint, and various motions and documents filed by Plaintiffs are organized and understandable to the Court. See e.g. Dkt. 5, 13, 26, 29, 34, 37, 38. Further, “Plaintiff[s'] incarceration and limited access to legal materials are not exceptional factors constituting exceptional circumstances that warrant the appointment of counsel. Rather, they are the type of difficulties encountered by many pro se litigants.” Dancer v. Jeske, 2009 WL 1110432, *1 (W.D. Wash. Apr. 24, 2009).

         For the above stated reasons, the Court finds Plaintiffs have failed to show the appointment of counsel is appropriate at this time. Accordingly, Plaintiffs' Motion for Counsel (Dkt. 5) is denied without prejudice.

         B. Improper ...

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