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Eagle West Insurance Co. v. Amtrol, Inc.

United States District Court, W.D. Washington, Seattle

January 2, 2018

EAGLE WEST INSURANCE COMPANY, a subrogee of Cypress Plac Condominium Owners Association, Plaintiff,
AMTROL, INC., Defendant.



         This matter comes before the Court on Plaintiff's motion to strike Defendant's experts as not timely disclosed (Dkt. No. 46). Having thoroughly considered the parties' briefing and the relevant record, the Court finds oral argument unnecessary and hereby DENIES the motion for the reasons explained herein.

         I. BACKGROUND

         This case arises out of damage caused by a leaking water expansion tank at a condominium complex. (Dkt. No. 1-1 at 3.) Defendant Amtrol, Inc. manufactured the subject tank. (Id.) Trial was initially set for October 16, 2017, with a discovery deadline of July 7, 2017. (Dkt. Nos. 29 at 8; 15.) On June 15, 2017, Plaintiff revised its theory as to the cause of the leaking tank and subsequently disclosed an updated expert report. (Dkt. Nos. 36-1; 24-1 at 16.) On July 7, 2017, Defendant filed a motion to continue trial, based in part on the significant shift in Plaintiff's case theory. (Dkt. No. 23.) The Court granted the motion and continued trial to February 20, 2018. (Dkt. No. 37 at 8.) The Court also extended the discovery cutoff date to 120 days before the new trial date-October 23, 2017. (Id.)

         Defendant has disclosed three experts. The day before the initial discovery cut-off date, Defendant supplemented its discovery responses by providing a report from Amtrol engineer Robert Manser and identifying him as a fact and expert witness. (Dkt. No. 29 at 8.) On the eve of the new discovery cut-off date of October 23, 2017, Defendant disclosed an expert report from Dr. Caliguiri and Dr. Ganot-both of whom were listed as potential liability expert witnesses in Defendant's April 25, 2017 supplemental initial disclosures. (Dkt. No. 47-5 at 3.) Plaintiff now moves to exclude these experts as not timely disclosed. (Dkt. No. 19.)


         Parties are required to disclose an expert and her report “at the times and in the sequence that the court orders, ” or, in the absence of a court order, 90 days before trial. Fed.R.Civ.P. 26(a)(2)(D).

         The expert report of Drs. Caliguiri and Ganot was timely disclosed. (See Dkt. No. 37 at 6); Hudson Enterprises, Inc. v. Certain Underwriters at Lloyd's London Ins. Cos., 855 F.3d 874, 877 (8th Cir. 2017) (party complied with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure by disclosing their expert on the last day allowed by the scheduling order). Plaintiff asserts that this Court's August 2, 2017 order continuing trial and resetting the discovery deadline “did not extend the expert disclosure dates, ” and that Defendant was “required to disclose [expert] reports or opinions before the initial July 7, 2017 discovery deadline.” (Dkt. No. 46 at 5, 6.) However, neither scheduling order set expert disclosure dates. (Dkt. Nos. 12; 37 at 8.) Rather, the Court set-and then extended-a general discovery deadline, which Defendant met. (Id.)

         Nor is there any indication that Defendant withdrew Drs. Caliguiri and Ganot as experts and should thus be barred from presenting their testimony. (See Dkt. No. 46 at 5-6.) Plaintiff argues that Defendant implicitly substituted Mr. Manser as its sole expert by failing to provide a report by Drs. Caliguiri and Ganot by the original discovery deadline and by disclosing Mr. Manser's report at that time. (Id.) Defendant identified Drs. Caliguiri and Ganot as potential experts in its supplemental initial disclosures in April 2017, stating that a report would be provided once experts had formed opinions and in accordance with the scheduling order. (Dkt. No. 47-5 at 3.) Additional responses identifying Mr. Manser as an expert specified that the responses supplemented previous answers. (Dkt. No. 47-3) (emphasis added). There is no basis for Plaintiff's assertion that Defendant “withdrew Drs. Caligiuri and Ganot.” (Dkt. No. 46 at 5.) Moreover, Defendant's decision not to provide a report and opinion of these experts before July 7, 2017 is not entirely surprising, given the significant June 2017 shift in Plaintiff's case theory, and Plaintiff's expert's updated opinion that relied on new evidence. (See Dkt. No. 37 at 6.)

         Because the Court finds it appropriate to deny Plaintiff's motion to strike, it will also deny Plaintiff's request for attorney fees for bringing the motion. (See Dkt. No. 46 at 5.)


         While Defendant complied with the letter of the scheduling order and the Federal Rules, the Court realizes that Defendant's eleventh-hour disclosure places a burden on Plaintiff, who now, after the close of discovery, must obtain the Court's leave to depose the experts. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(4)(A) (deposition of an expert may occur only after the report is provided). The Court thus sua sponte extends the discovery deadline until February 5, 2018 for the sole purpose of providing Plaintiff the opportunity, if desired, to depose Drs. Caligiuri and Ganot.

         IV. ...

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