United States District Court, E.D. Washington
ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANT'S MOTION FOR SUMMARY
H. WHALEY SENIOR UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.
the Court are the parties' cross-motions for summary
judgment, ECF Nos. 12 & 17. Mr. Binford brings this
action seeking judicial review, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §
405(g), of the Commissioner's final decision, which
denied his application for Disability Insurance Benefits
under Title II and his application for Supplemental Security
Income under Title XVI of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C
§§ 401-434, 1381-1383F. After reviewing the
administrative record and briefs filed by the parties, the
Court is now fully informed. For the reasons set forth below,
the Court GRANTS Defendant's Motion for
Summary Judgment and DENIES Mr.
Binford's Motion for Summary Judgment.
Binford filed his applications for Supplemental Security
Income and Disability Insurance Benefits on August 18, 2011.
AR 35, 347-353, 354-63. His alleged onset date of disability
is April 20, 2010. AR 19, 34. Mr. Binford's applications
were initially denied on February 15, 2012, AR 256-62, and on
reconsideration on April 3, 2012, AR 268-72.
hearing with Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”)
R.J. Payne occurred on August 7, 2015. AR 92-152. On October
20, 2015, the ALJ issued a decision finding Mr. Binford
ineligible for disability benefits. AR 19-35. The Appeals
Council denied Mr. Binford's request for review on
November 10, 2016, AR 1-4, making the ALJ's ruling the
“final decision” of the Commissioner.
Binford timely filed the present action challenging the
denial of benefits, on December 21, 2016. ECF No. 3.
Accordingly, Mr. Binford's claims are properly before
this Court pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
Sequential Evaluation Process
Social Security Act defines disability as the
“inability to engage in any substantial gainful
activity by reason of any medically determinable physical or
mental impairment which can be expected to result in death or
which has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous
period of not less than twelve months.” 42 U.S.C.
§§ 423(d)(1)(A), 1382c(a)(3)(A). A claimant shall
be determined to be under a disability only if the
claimant's impairments are of such severity that the
claimant is not only unable to do his previous work, but
cannot, considering claimant's age, education, and work
experience, engage in any other substantial gainful work that
exists in the national economy. 42 U.S.C. §
Commissioner has established a five-step sequential
evaluation process for determining whether a claimant is
disabled within the meaning of the Social Security Act. 20
C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(a)(4) & 416.920(a)(4);
Lounsburry v. Barnhart, 468 F.3d 1111, 1114 (9th
one inquires whether the claimant is presently engaged in
“substantial gainful activity.” 20 C.F.R.
§§ 404.1520(b) & 416.920(b). Substantial
gainful activity is defined as significant physical or mental
activities done or usually done for profit. 20 C.F.R.
§§ 404.1572 & 416.972. If the claimant is
engaged in substantial activity, he or she is not entitled to
disability benefits. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1571 &
416.920(b). If not, the ALJ proceeds to step two.
two asks whether the claimant has a severe impairment, or
combination of impairments, that significantly limits the
claimant's physical or mental ability to do basic work
activities. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(c) &
416.920(c). A severe impairment is one that has lasted or is
expected to last for at least twelve months, and must be
proven by objective medical evidence. 20 C.F.R. §§
404.1508-09 & 416.908-09. If the claimant does not have a
severe impairment, or combination of impairments, the
disability claim is denied, and no further evaluative steps
are required. Otherwise, the evaluation proceeds to the third
three involves a determination of whether any of the
claimant's severe impairments “meets or
equals” one of the listed impairments acknowledged by
the Commissioner to be sufficiently severe as to preclude
substantial gainful activity. 20 C.F.R. §§
404.1520(d), 404.1525, 404.1526 & 416.920(d), 416.925,
416.926; 20 C.F.R. § 404 Subpt. P. App. 1 (“the
Listings”). If the impairment meets or equals one of
the listed impairments, the claimant is per se
disabled and qualifies for benefits. Id. If the
claimant is not per se disabled, the evaluation
proceeds to the fourth step.
four examines whether the claimant's residual functional
capacity enables the claimant to perform past relevant work.
20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(e)-(f) & 416.920(e)-(f).
If the claimant can still perform past relevant work, the
claimant is not entitled to disability benefits and the
inquiry ends. Id.
five shifts the burden to the Commissioner to prove that the
claimant is able to perform other work in the national
economy, taking into account the claimant's age,
education, and work experience. See 20 C.F.R.
§§ 404.1512(f), 404.1520(g), 404.1560(c) &
416.912(f), 416.920(g), 416.960(c). To meet this burden, the
Commissioner must establish that (1) the claimant is capable
of performing other work; and (2) such work exists in
“significant Gallo in the national economy.” 20
C.F.R. §§ 404.1560(c)(2); 416.960(c)(2);
Beltran v. Astrue, 676 F.3d 1203, 1206 (9th Cir.