ALEJANDRO RODRIGUEZ, for himself and on behalf of a class of similarly-situated individuals; ABDIRIZAK ADEN FARAH, for himself and on behalf of a class of similarly-situated individuals; JOSE FARIAS CORNEJO; YUSSUF ABDIKADIR; ABEL PEREZ RUELAS, Petitioners-Appellees/ Cross-Appellants, and
DAVID JENNINGS, * Field Office Director, Los Angeles District, Immigration and Customs Enforcement; KIRSTJEN M. NIELSEN, Secretary, Homeland Security; Jefferson B. Sessions III, Attorney General; WESLEY LEE, Assistant Field Office Director, Immigration and Customs Enforcement; RODNEY PENNER, Captain, Mira Loma Detention Center; SANDRA HUTCHENS, Sheriff of Orange County; Nguyen, Officer, Officer-in-Charge, Theo Lacy Facility; DAVIS NIGHSWONGER, Captain, Commander, Theo Lacy Facility; MIKE KREUGER, Captain, Operations Manager, James A. Musick Facility; ARTHUR EDWARDS, Officer-in-Charge, Santa Ana City Jail; RUSSELL DAVIS, Jail Administrator, Santa Ana City Jail; JAMES MCHENRY, Director, Executive Office for Immigration Review, Respondents-Appellants. EFREN OROZCO, Petitioner,
Stevens Wilson (argued), Theodore William Atkinson, Hans
Harris Chen, Alisa Beth Klein, Robert I. Lester, Jaynie R.
Lilley, Benjamin C. Mizer, Nicole Prairie, and Erez Reuveni,
United States Department of Justice, Washington, D.C., for
Thevanesan Arulanantham, Michael Kaufman, Peter Jay
Eliasberg, ACLU Foundation of Southern California, Los
Angeles, California; Judy Rabinovitz and Michael K.T. Tan,
ACLU Immigrants' Rights Project, New York, New York;
Cecillia D. Wang, ACLU Immigrants' Rights Project, San
Francisco, California; Jayashri Srikantiah, Stanford Law
School Mills Legal Clinic, Stanford, California; Sean Ashley
Commons and Wen Shen, Sidley Austin LLP, Los Angeles,
California; Steven Andrew Ellis, Goodwin Procter LLP, Los
Angeles, California, for
Rabin, University of Arizona College of Law, Tucson, Arizona,
for Amici Curiae Social Science Researchers and Professors.
H. Moon, James J. Farrell, Nathan M. Saper, Latham &
Watkins LLP, Los Angeles, California, for Amici Curiae
National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers and the
Judge David L. Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law.
H. Paoletti, University of Pennsylvania Law School
Transnational Legal Clinic, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for
Amici Curiae International Law Professors and Human Rights
Clinicians and Clinical Programs.
Stafford Cooper, University of California Davis Law School
Immigration Law Clinic, Davis, California, for Amicus Curiae
University of California Davis Law School Immigration Law
Before: Kim McLane Wardlaw and Ronald M. Gould, Circuit
Judges, and Sam E. Haddon, [**] District Judge.
panel directed the parties to file supplemental briefs on the
following procedural questions:
(1) whether this Court has jurisdiction over
petitioners' constitutional claims despite 8 U.S.C.
§ 1252(f)(1), and if not, whether the Court may
nonetheless issue declaratory relief for the Rule 23(b)(2)
(2) whether a Rule 23(b)(2) class action continues to be
the appropriate vehicle for petitioners' claims in
light of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. Dukes, 564 U.S.
338 (2011); and
(3) whether a Rule 23(b)(2) class action litigated on
common facts is an appropriate way to resolve