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Jensen v. State

United States District Court, W.D. Washington, Seattle

June 18, 2018

WILLIAM FREDERICK JENSEN, Plaintiff,
v.
STATE OF WASHINGTON, et al., Defendants.

          ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION; DISMISSING CASE WITH PREJUDICE

          Marsha J. Pechman United States District Judge

         THIS MATTER comes before the Court on Plaintiff's Objections (Dkt. No. 77) to the Report and Recommendation of the Honorable Brian A. Tsuchida, United States Magistrate Judge. (Dkt. No. 75.) Having reviewed the Report and Recommendation, the Objections, the Response (Dkt. No. 78), and all related papers, the Court ADOPTS the Report and Recommendation and DISMISSES the matter with prejudice.

         Background

         The relevant facts and procedural background are set forth in detail in the Report and Recommendation. (Dkt. No. 75.) Plaintiff objects to the Report and Recommendation's finding that his claims are barred by the applicable statutes of limitations, which he contends were tolled while he exhausted his administrative remedies. (Dkt. No. 77 at 1-2.)

         Discussion

         I. Legal Standard

         Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 72, the Court must resolve de novo any part of the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation that has been properly objected to and may accept, reject, or modify the recommended disposition. Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b)(3); see also 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).

         II. Statute of Limitations

         Each of Plaintiff's claims is subject to a three-year statute of limitations. See RCW 4.16.080; RK Ventures, Inc. v. City of Seattle, 307 F.3d 1045, 1058 (9th Cir. 2002); Knight v. Washington State Dept. of Corrections, 147 F.Supp.3d 1165, 1169-70 (W.D. Wash. 2015); Antonius v. King Cnty., 153 Wn.2d 256, 261-62 (2004). “[T]he limitations period accrues when a party knows or has reason to know of the injury which is the basis of the cause of action.” Kimes v. Stone, 84 F.3d 1121, 1128 (9th Cir. 1996) (citation omitted). While the statute of limitations is tolled “during the time period in which an inmate is actively exhausting his administrative remedies, ” an inmate is “not entitled to tolling during the time he abandoned the process.” Soto v. Sweetman, 882 F.3d 865, 875 (9th Cir. 2018) (emphasis in original). Here, Plaintiff filed his original Complaint on December 22, 2016. (See Dkt. Nos. 1, 2.) Therefore, any claims arising before December 22, 2013 are barred by the statutes of limitations unless Plaintiff can show that he was actively exhausting his administrative remedies as of this date.

         Plaintiff alleges that, in response to allegations that he was soliciting other inmates for sex, he was placed in administrative segregation beginning on January 19, 2011 and was not released until March 5, 2012. (Dkt. No. 63 at ¶¶ 28, 54.) During this time, his administrative segregation status was reviewed and he was recommended for a six-month intensive management program and placed on Intensive Management Status (“IMS”) until February 15, 2012. (Id. at ¶¶ 23, 29-46.) Thus, the Court considers whether Plaintiff exhausted his administrative remedies with regard to his administrative segregation placement and his IMS placement claims in turn:

         A. Administrative Segregation Placement

         After he was placed in administrative segregation, Plaintiff alleges he sent multiple communications to various prison officials requesting review of his placement. (Id. at ¶¶ 29-53.) On August 9, 2011, Plaintiff received a letter from John Campbell, DOC Correctional Specialist, explaining that his appeals had been denied. (See Dkt. No. 68, Ex. 11 (“The allegations you make . . . are not substantiated. You allege a widespread conspiracy requiring collusion between staff and offenders and after review this is found not to be the case.”).) Therefore, the Court finds that Plaintiff's administrative segregation claim was tolled until August 9, 2011.

         B. IMS Placement

         After he was released from administrative segregation on March 5, 2012, Plaintiff waited until October 28, 2014 to appeal his “placement, assignment and retention in [administrative segregation] on IMS between January 19, [2011] to March 5, 2012 and August 16, 2010 to September 22, 2010.” (Dkt. No. 63 at ¶ 57, Ex. Z.) On December 9, 2014, DOC Classification and Case Management Administrator Liza Rohrer denied Plaintiff's appeal, and explained that he could have appealed between October 17, 2011 (the date on which the applicable appeals policy for IMS classification was established) and June 14, 2012 (the date on which the ...


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