Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Brown v. Brennan

United States District Court, W.D. Washington, Seattle

August 29, 2019

JEROME BROWN, JR., Plaintiff,
v.
MEGAN J. BRENNAN, et al., Defendants.

          REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION

          Mary Alice Theiler, United States Magistrate Judge

         Plaintiff Jerome Brown, Jr., appearing pro se, filed an application to proceed in forma pauperis (IFP) and a proposed civil complaint. (Dkt. 1.) The IFP application is deficient in several respects, including a lack of clarity as to plaintiff's resources and the inclusion of a different name in the Written Consent for Payment of Costs portion of the form. Also, plaintiff's proposed complaint is difficult to decipher and does not appear to include any viable claims or basis for jurisdiction or venue in this Court. He identifies Maryland as his place of residence, names as defendants officials, employees, and a division all associated with the United States Post Office and located in Virginia and the District of Columbia, appears to allege some type of fraud and/or property damage, and includes documents associated with district court cases and other issues in the states in which the parties reside. (Dkt. 1-1.)

         It further appears plaintiff has a history of filing numerous, repetitive, and frivolous lawsuits in the federal courts across the country. Two of the five cases filed in this Court in the past year have been dismissed as frivolous, Brown v. USPS PMG, C19-0295-RSM (Dkt. 9), and Brown v. United States Marshall Service, et al., C19-1246-RAJ (Dkt. 11), and his filings reflect some four different addresses in Virginia and Maryland, see id. and Brown v. Barr, et al., C19-1311-RSM; Brown v. Robinson, et al., C19-1330-JCC; and Brown v. Brennan, et al., C19-1331-JLR. At least three other district courts have limited plaintiff's ability to file new cases. See Brown v. Walter, et al., C18-0320-RMP (E.D. Wash.) (Dkt. 2) (dismissing action filed without a filing fee or IFP application in light of litigious history; citing Brown v. Lyons Mane Partnership, No. 10-mc-7 (D. D.C. Mar. 1, 2010) (enjoining plaintiff from proceeding IFP), aff'd No. 10-7027 (D.C. Cir. June 7, 2010); In re: Jerome J. Brown, Misc. No. 04-465 (D. Md. Dec. 7, 2004) (deeming plaintiff a frequent litigator and imposing pre-filing restrictions); and In re Brown, No. 3:10-cv-00010 (E.D. Va. July 28, 2010) (limiting plaintiff to one lawsuit at a time pending in that district)).

         In the current matter, given the location of defendants and contested events, venue is lacking. See 28 U.S.C. § 1391(a), (b) (venue is proper in a judicial district in which the defendants live or in which the cause of action arose); Decker Coal Co. v. Commonwealth Edison Co., 805 F.2d 834, 842 (9th Cir. 1986) (“A claim arises in any district in which a substantial part of the acts, events, or omissions occurred that gave rise to the claim.”) When an action is filed in the wrong venue, a court must either dismiss the action or, when justice so requires, transfer the action to a different venue. 28 U.S.C. § 1406(a). The interests of justice do not mandate transfer of this case.

         Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(h)(3), when it appears subject matter jurisdiction is lacking, the Court “shall dismiss the action” and may do so on its own initiative. Munoz v. Mabus, 630 F.3d 856, 860 (9th Cir. 2010); Csibi v. Fustos, 670 F.2d 134, 136 n.3 (9th Cir. 1982). An action may be dismissed for lack of subject matter jurisdiction, without leave to amend, when it is clear the jurisdictional deficiency cannot be cured by amendment. May Dep't Store v. Graphic Process Co., 637 F.2d 1211, 1216 (9th Cir. 1980). “A pro se litigant must be given leave to amend his or her complaint unless it is absolutely clear that the deficiencies of the complaint could not be cured by amendment.” Karim-Panahi v. L.A. Police Dep't, 839 F.2d 621, 623 (9th Cir. 1988) (internal quotation marks and sources omitted). Further, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B), this Court may deny an application to proceed IFP and should dismiss a complaint if it is frivolous or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. An action is frivolous if “it lacks an arguable basis either in law or in fact.” Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325 (1989).

         Plaintiff fails to plead sufficient allegations to show a proper basis for a federal court to assert subject matter jurisdiction over the action. See McNutt v. General Motors Acceptance Corp., 298 U.S. 178, 189 (1936). Considering both plaintiff's submissions in the current case and his litigation history, there is no reasonable basis for concluding the jurisdictional deficiency could be cured by amendment. Further, given that this action appears frivolous and fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, it is subject to dismissal under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B).

         Because of the deficiencies in the IFP application and proposed complaint, the request to proceed IFP should be DENIED and this case DISMISSED without prejudice. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B), and Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(h)(3). A proposed order of dismissal accompanies this Report and Recommendation.

         DEADLINE FOR OBJECTIONS

         Objections to this Report and Recommendation, if any, should be filed with the Clerk and served upon all parties to this suit within fourteen (14) days of the date on which this Report and Recommendation is signed. Failure to file objections within the specified time may affect your right to appeal. Objections should be noted for consideration on the District Judge's motions calendar for the third Friday after they are filed. Responses to objections may be filed within fourteen (14) days after ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.