Gerardo Vazquez, Gloria Roman, and Juan Aguilar, on behalf of themselves and all other similarly situated, Plaintiffs-Appellants,
Jan-Pro Franchising International, Inc., Defendant-Appellee.
and Submitted December 18, 2018 San Francisco, California
from the United States District Court for No.
3:16-cv-05961-WHA the Northern District of California William
Alsup, District Judge, Presiding
Shannon Liss-Riordan (argued), Lichten & Liss-Riordan
P.C., Boston, Massachusetts, for Plaintiffs-Appellants.
Jeffrey M. Rosin (argued), O'Hagan Meyer PLLC, Boston,
Massachusetts; Theodore J. Boutrous Jr., Theane D. Evangelis,
and Samuel Eckman, Gibson Dunn & Crutcher LLP, Los
Angeles, California; for Defendant-Appellee.
Catherine K. Ruckelshaus and Najah A. Farley, National
Employment Law Project, New York, New York, for Amici Curiae
National Employment Law Project, Equal Rights Advocates,
Dolores Street Community Services, Legal Aid at Work, and
M. Leon, DLA Piper LLP, Chicago, Illinois; Jonathan Solish,
Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner LLP, Santa Monica, California;
James F. Speyer, Arnold & Porter Kaye Scholer LLP, Los
Angeles, California; for Amicus Curiae The International
Bradley A. Benbrook and Stephen M. Duvernay, Benbrook Law
Group PC, Sacramento, California; Luke A. Wake, NFIB Small
Business Legal Center, Sacramento, California; for Amicus
Curiae National Federation of Independent Business Small
Business Legal Center.
G. Unikowsky, Jenner & Block LLP, Washington, D.C.;
Steven P. Lehotsky, U.S. Chamber Litigation Center,
Washington, D.C.; for Amicus Curiae Chamber of Commerce of
the United States of America.
F. Speyer, Arnold & Porter Kaye Scholer LLP, Los Angeles,
California, for Amicus Curiae California Chamber of Commerce.
Grossman and Paul W. Cane Jr., Paul Hastings LLP, Los
Angeles, California, for Amicus Curiae California Employment
Before: Ronald M. Gould and Marsha S. Berzon, Circuit Judges,
and Frederic Block, District Judge. [*]
separate published order, the panel certified to the
California Supreme Court the issue of the retroactive
application of Dynamex Operations West Inc. v. Superior
Court, 416 P.3d 1 (Cal. 2018), and in this opinion,
reestablished the remaining holdings from the now-withdrawn
opinion Vazquez v. Jan-Pro Int'l, Inc., 2019 WL
3271969 (9th Cir. Jul. 22, 2019).
reasons laid out in the earlier opinion, the panel held that
the doctrines of res judicata and law of the case did not bar
plaintiffs from contending that they are employees under
Dynamex's ABC test, and rejected the contention
that a ...